Burglary versus theft. You may have heard the terms used interchangeably, but they aren’t the same. They have different criteria and may even overlap from time to time. In this post, we’ll define both burglary and robbery, explain the ways that they are similar and different, and provide important statistics about each.

Definitions and statistics will come primarily from from the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting( UCR) Program. Established in 1930, the UCR Program is a huge, nationwide, collaborative effort to gather crime data. More than 18,000 city, university and college, county, country, tribal, and federal law enforcement agencies are liable to voluntarily report data on crimes. The main purpose of the program is to create reliable info on crime for law enforcement, but the data is now regularly sourced by a variety of people( including criminologists, the media, students, and sociologists ). It’s a trustworthy and unique treasure trove of data for the state of crime in our country.

What is a property crime?

Burglary and robbery are both considered property crimes. Property crime includes the following offenses 😛 TAGEND

BurglaryLarceny-theftMotor vehicle theftArson

Theft-type offenses involve the taking of fund or property, but without force or threat.

What is burglary?

When you think about a burglar, you might be picturing someone cartoonish wearing all black and a mask. This bad guy then transgresses into a home to steal money or a flatscreen Tv. But in fact, someone can be charged with burglary even if they didn’t steal a single thing.

The FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting( UCR) Program defines burglary as 😛 TAGEND

“…the unlawful entry of a arrangement to perpetrate a crime or crime. To categorize an offense as a burglary, the use of force to gain entry need not have occurred.”

In other words, it’s entering someone’s property without permission, and with the intent to commit a crime — any crime( not just theft ). What is considered a “structure” can be somewhat broad. The FBI’s definition of structure includes an apartment, barn, house trailer or houseboat when used as a permanent dwelling, agency, railroad car( but not automobile ), stable, and vessel( i.e ., ship ).

Different countries have different degrees or categorizations of burglary, but all involve certain elements, spelled out by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary 😛 TAGEND

enteringa buildingwithout permissionwith the intent to commit a crime or steal property while inside( even though they are the crime itself would only be a misdemeanor ).

How Burglars Break In: 5 Sneaky Tactics Home Intruders Use, and How to Outsmart Them

Examples of burglary

Here’s a somewhat typical example of a burglary 😛 TAGEND

Brad knows there is an expensive laptop in a single-family home on Birch Street. Brad breaks the lock on the backdoor, sneaks into the kitchen, swipes the laptop from the counter, and disappears out the same door.

Here’s a more unusual example, which is also considered a burglary 😛 TAGEND

Todd enters Ryan’s barn by strolling in the open barn door, because he is planning to steal Ryan’s tractor. The tractor is not in the barn as Todd expected, so he just goes home. Even though Todd didn’t take the tractor, he has still committed burglary.

There are three subclassifications of burglary 😛 TAGEND

Forcible enter- Physical force or serious threats to the tenants are used to gain entry. This can include smash windows, slashing screen doors, or forcing the occupants out by threat or violence after having come in peacefully.Unlawful entry where no force is utilized- This category removes force-out as a required factor. This would be like the instance above where Todd enters Ryan’s barn without force.Attempted forcible entering- A forcible enter is attempted, but not completed.

What is robbery?

The FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting( UCR) Program defines burglary as 😛 TAGEND

“…the taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, detention, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/ or by set the victim in fear.”

Just like burglary, countries define theft in different ways, but they all contain the same elements 😛 TAGEND

taking fund or propertydirectly from someonewithout permissionwith the intent to keep the property permanentlythrough the use of force or panic.

For a stealing to be considered robbery, there must be a true menace or its force. If the property is taken from the victim, it’s considered a robbery. However, there doesn’t have to be actual violence or hurt. The victim merely needs to have an “actual and sensible fear” based on the threats.

If a weapon is utilized, it’s called armed robbery, which is considered a more serious crime.

Examples of burglary

Here’s a typical example of a burglary 😛 TAGEND

Jill is approached rapidly on the sidewalk by Terri. Terri gives Jill a violent shove, sending Jill off balance while she snatches her purse and runs.

Remember, the threat of violence is key to defining robbery, even if the perception of the threat is different from reality. Here’s how this could work 😛 TAGEND

Tony is strolling home from the store when Bill surprises him from behind. Bill tells Tony to give him his wallet. Tony, still with his back to Bill, feels something solid pressing into his upper back. Presuming that it’s a gun, and that Bill may shoot him if he refuses, Tony gives up his billfold. When Bill is caught by police, he swears that it was just his hand, and not a handgun. But because Tony was terrified and genuinely believed his life was in danger, it’s considered a robbery.

If there was proof Bill had use a weapon or a firearm, he could have been charged with armed robbery or aggravated robbery.

What are some differences between burglary and burglary?

Burglary and theft have some similarities, but they are different in distinct ways.

For example 😛 TAGEND

Larceny is always one of the purposes of robbery, but not ever one of the purposes of burglary. Robbery may occasionally be referred to as burglary by threat or force. Larceny is defined as:

“…the unlawful take, carrying, resulting, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another.”

Larceny may happen during a burglary, but it’s not required for something to be considered a burglary.

Taking it a stair further, according to Justia.com, we can distinguish robbery from theft with two additional factors. For a theft to occur 😛 TAGEND

1. The perpetrator utilizes force( or menaces)

2. The crime happens in the victim’s presence.

Robbery must occur in the victim’s existence.

Just like this recognises robbery from robbery, this factor also recognise robbery from burglary. Once again, consider the example above where Todd entered the barn without permission. Not merely didn’t he take anything, but no one was even there to witness it. Still, a burglary passed. On the contrary, a victim needs to personally experience the crime for a robbery to occur.

Burglary involves entering a arrangement without permission to commit a crime. A burglary can occur in a park, a storage, or on the sidewalk.

Things you might not know about burglary and robbery

Burglary accounted for 16.1 percentage of all U.S. property an offence in the United Government in 2019

Property crimes in 2019 resulted in loss estimated at $ 15.8 billion.

losses suffered by victims of property crime

Burglary of residential properties been taken into consideration 62.8 percentage of all burglary offenses in 2019.

Victims know their robbers in only about 26 percent of burglaries.

Robberies accounted for an estimated $482 million in losses.

The median dollar value of property taken during crimes was $2,661 The average dollar value of property taken during during thefts, $1,797.

where robberies take place* Due to rounding, total is no longer able add up to 100%.

Protect your home and family with home security

Worry and uncertainty about crime are things everyone faces from time to time; the true distinction is in the proactive paces we take to keep our world safe. Once you’ve educated yourself and your loved ones, it’s time to take action. Installing a smart home security system with video surveillance is a great example of a proactive pace toward security, and Guardian Protection is here to help.

If you’re interested in learning more about 24/7 professionally monitored home security, give us a call at 1.800. PROTECT( 1.800.776.8328 ).

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