In part three of this blog series on aligning security with business objectives and risk, we explored what it takes for security presidents to shift from looking at their mission as purely defending against technical assaults, to one that focuses on protecting valuable business assets, data, and applications.

As industries begin reimagining their future in a post-pandemic world, most are pivoting to a digital-first approach to take full advantage of technological advances( much of which was adopted in haste ). The pandemic has accelerated three existing trends and the tension between them: how to remain relevant against a backdrop of consumer and market demands, how to react and respond to evolving cyber menaces, and how to do this reliably while reducing complexity and cost.

Becoming a resilient organization requires collaboration between business and security leaders and a lifecycle approach to continuous improvement.

Visual chart depicting the four stages of the life cycle of an incident: Before, during, and after an incident and the lessons learned.

Figure 1. The cyclical stages of an incident.

In this blog, we delve deeper into specific themes in recent cyberattack trends–how and why they operate so effectively–and strategies to mitigate them.

On-premises vs. cloud security

As we’ve seen from the progression of headline-grabbing attempts over the course of this blog series, today’s attackers have choices. They can remain on-premises and have a better possibility of persisting unseen in the complexity of multiple generations of legacy technology, or they can elevate privileges and move to the cloud, where there’s a higher risk of detecting. In the most recent nation-state attack, HAFNIUM took the path of least opposition and targeted organisations through on-premises Microsoft Exchange Servers, leveraging a zero-day exploit to gain backdoor access to data centers. After Microsoft liberated critical out-of-band updates, attackers were quick to seek out and compromise unpatched servers in a race to take advantage of the situation before those doorways were closed.

The Exchange attack illustrates challenges faced by companies in the management of the a complex hybrid of on-premises and cloud that spans many generations of technology. For many organizations, it can be a costly operation to upgrade systems; so, security teams are often asked to protect both age-old and new technology at the same time. Organizations need to simplify the management of this complex mix because attackers are always looking forward to vulnerabilities. The good news is that cloud security is no longer just for cloud resources; it’s extending to cover on-premises resources, up to and including the 50 to 100-year-old operational engineering( OT) equipment that’s controlled by computer technology retrofitted 30 to 50 years ago.

Your security team can reduce risk by prioritizing the cloud as the preferred source of security technology. This will simplify adoption, reduce upkeep overhead, ensure the latest innovations and capabilities, and furnish unified visibility and oversight matters across multiple generations of technology. No longer are we just referring to cloud security, but rather security delivered from the cloud.

Ransomware

Criminal organizations are increasingly relying on cybercrime as a high-reward, low-risk( illicit) line of business. However, it’s the evolution of human-operated ransomware that’s now driving the business need to address longstanding security hygiene and maintenance issues. Ransomware’s evolution can be traced to WannaCry and NotPetya malware, which fused large-scale compromise techniques with an encryption warhead that demanded ransom payments in exchange for a decryption key. Sometime around June 2019, the new generation of human-operated ransomware started infecting systems, expanding into an enterprise-scale operation that blends targeted attacks and extortion.

What builds human-operated ransomware so dangerous? Unlike most cyber threats, “thats really not” preprogrammed onslaughts. Human attackers know the weaknesses in your networks and how to exploit them. Attempts are multistage and opportunistic–they might gain access via remote desktop protocol( RDP) brute force or through banking trojans, then decide which networks are most profitable. Like nation-state onslaughts, these violates can have dwell periods lasting from minutes to months. Human operators are also welcome to deliver other malicious warheads, steal credentials, or exfiltrate data. Some known human-operated ransomware campaigns that Microsoft actively monitors include REvil, Samas, Bitpaymer, and Ryuk.

Attack paths of human-operated ransomware.

Figure 2: Human-operated ransomwareattack paths.

Human-operated ransomware is an extortion model that can use any one of multiple attack vectors. These strikes are often highly damaging and disruptive to individual organizations because of the combination of 😛 TAGEND

Broad be made available to business-critical assets: Attackers rapidly gain broad enterprise access and oversight matters through credential theft. Disrupt business operations: The extortion business framework involves imposing the maximum pain on the organization( while still allowing recuperation) in order to make paying the ransom attractive.

By denying access to business-critical data and systems across the enterprise, the attackers are more likely to profit, and organizations are more likely to suffer significant or material impact.

In the same way COVID-1 9 has shifted industry perceptions regarding bring-your-own-device( BYOD) policies and remote work, human-operated ransomware is poised to trigger seismic shifts in cybersecurity. Organisations who fail to prepare for these evolving menaces face the prospect of performing mass restores of systems and data or paying the ransom( not recommended ).

This is particularly true if they have any of these commonly held( and dangerous) false belief 😛 TAGEND

Attackers aren’t interesting in us because we’re simply: a small organization, don’t have secrets , not both governments, or other seemingly relevant characteristics. We are safe because we have firewalls. A password was enough for admins; so multifactor authentication( MFA) is likely to be deferred. Attackers won’t find unpatched VPNs and operating systems; so, upkeep is likely to be deferred. We don’t apply security updates to internal systems like domain controllers to avoid impacting availability and performance. Security runnings( SecOps) can manually write every alert and respond utilizing a SIEM and a firewall; so, modernization with high-quality XDR detections and SOAR can be deferred.

If your organization is targeted, we strongly discourage pay any ransom, since this will incentivize future attacks. Also, there’s no guarantee that payment will get you the promised decryption key, or even that the attackers won’t sell your data on the dark web anyway. For a specific plan of how to address ransomware, watch our downloadable Ransomware recommendations PowerPoint.

On the upside, having a business continuity and tragedy recuperation( BCDR) solution can provide a crucial safety net. Datto’s Global Ransomware Report 2020 indicates that three-out-of-four overseen service providers( MSPs) report that clients with BCDR answers retrieved from a ransomware attack within 24 hours. Nonetheless, only having a BCDR plan is not enough; it is necessary to an immutable backup that cannot be demoralized or deleted as attackers try to corrupt these backups.

This control needs to be implemented effectively across all generations of technology, including on-premises and in the cloud. Information protection and file encryption are also welcome to induce data unreadable, even if exfiltrated.

Insider threats

Many data leaks can be attributed to accidents by insiders, but the risk posed by deliberate internal menaces is on the rise as well–68 percent of organizations feel “moderately to extremely vulnerable” to all kinds of insider strikes. The same percentage confirms that insider assaults are becoming more frequent. Anyone who has access to an organization’s confidential data, IT, or network resources is a potential risk, whether they intend to do damage or not. This could include employees, consultants, dealers, former employees, business partners, or even a board member.

Recent examples include a former Amazon finance manager charged in a $1.4 million insider trading scheme, a Shopify data breach carried out by two employees, and an insider attack at Stradis Healthcare carried out by the former vice president of finance that “disrupted the delivery of personal protective equipment in the midst of a world pandemic.” Deliberate insider threats straddle both the physical and digital workspace, but organizations can protect themselves by looking forward to signs, including 😛 TAGEND

Digital warning signs

Accessing data not associated with their functions of government. Utilize unauthorized memory device. Network crawling and searches for sensitive data. Data hoarding or copying sensitive files. Emailing sensitive data outside “the organizations activities”.

Behavioral warning signs

Attempts to bypass security. Often in the agency during off-hours. Displays disgruntled behavior. Transgres corporate policies. Discusses resigning or new opportunities.

The key to preventing insider threats is to detect a violation before it happens. This means being empathetic to your organization’s changing environment and managing potential stressors that could lead to aberrant behavior. Being cognizant of employee wellbeing is not only in the best interests of your faculty, it also drastically reduces the occurrence of insider menaces for your organization. Microsoft invests in mitigating both accidental and deliberate insider menaces with insider risk management, policy tips, and more.

Overcome analyst wearines

As the dust settles after the double-impact of the Nobelium and Hafnium assaults, we’re returning to a “normal baseline” of steadily increasing impact, volume, and sophistication of attempts. This lack of succor hits security professionals hardest, particularly analysts in security operations responding to these incidents.

The talented security professionals who mutely bear the burden of attackers’ profit simulates often experience a high likelihood of burnout. According to PsyberResilience, the list of reasons for burnout among security professionals is long: dread of letting the organization down by missing that one threat amongst thousands every day; exhausting following schedule; tirednes from trying to keep up with new threats and technological sciences; the emotional toll of facing down crooks and witnessing their lack of morality.

Security squads need real aid, and they need to feel supported and connected to the mission. Here got a few tips that can go a long way 😛 TAGEND

Show your appreciation: The first minimum stair for business leaders is to thank these hardworking people and get a basic understanding of what it’s like to experience these attacks from the ground level. Just as CEOs and business leaders should take time out to meet the ones who attain business operations work( like factory worker, truck drivers, nurses, doctors, cooks, engineers, and scientists ), they should also do the same with security operations personnel to show the importance of the work to keep the organization safe every day. Enable automation and orchestration: This is critical to removing redundant, repetition workflows or steps that burn up work hours and burn out employees. Azure Sentinel and Microsoft 365 Defender automate investigation and remediation tasks for many incidents, reducing the burden of repetitive is currently working on analysts. Different security answers in your enterprise need to see and share threat intelligence, driving a unified response across on-premises and multi-cloud environments. Brought under aid: Many corporations find it difficult to recruit and retain security professionals, specially organizations that have a smaller security team. Supplementing your team with experts from service providers can help you bring in top talent for the limited times you need them or help scale the panel of experts you have by change high-volume frontline analyst work to the service provider. Take a collaborative approach: Reach out to peers in other industries to learn about their challenges. How do hospitals secure their patient data? How is cybersecurity done in retail runnings, airlines, or government offices? Appearing into different verticals might give some new ideas and inspiration. An army of interconnected defenders offer more clarity and oversight than any single organization is kept in. For more technical information about how the present working, learn about the community-based approach to information security.

Augmented intelligence and deepfakes

Using machine learning and automation has proven to be an incredible tool for defenders to detect and respond to threats faster. Nonetheless, attackers also have access to similar technology and are leveraging this to their advantage. In another example of the cyber and physical worlds coming together, cybercriminals were able to create a near-perfect impersonation of a chief executive’s voice using deepfake technology–tricking the company into transferring $243,000 to their bank account. Attackers blended machine learning and AI with social engineering to convince people to move the money.

While still rare, AI and machine learning assaults like this are becoming more common. Attackers can construct deepfake use public recordings of their target from earnings bellows, interviews, and speeches, simulating their peculiarities and using the technology as a kind of mask. Despite the advanced technology required for one of these attacks, the defense may be refreshingly straightforward and non-technical–if in doubt, call the person back. Using a secondary authentication for high-value transactions are also welcome to offer an additional secure step in the acceptance process, making it difficult for attackers to anticipate and fake out all of the channels at once.

With the use of AI and machine learning becoming more prolific in the defender’s kit bag, cybercriminals have been previously taken to attacking and poisoning the algorithms that are used to detect anomalies; often inundating the algorithm with data to skew makes or produce false positives. In short, the human intelligence layer remains critical to providing contextual awareness and understanding of new cyber menaces, helping to decipher the evolving tactics and techniques are in place to sidestep detection.

Bide tuned

The next post in this series will focus on how your organization can pull all these concepts together into a security strategy that integrates with your business priorities, risk frameworks, and processes.

If you want to read ahead, you can check out the secure methodology in the cloud adoption framework.

Learn more

Read the previous blogs in this series 😛 TAGEND

Becoming resilient by understanding cybersecurity perils: Portion 1 Becoming resilient by understanding cybersecurity risks: Proportion 2 Becoming resilient by understanding cybersecurity perils: Proportion 3–a security pro’s perspective

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